Abstract

ABSTRACT GUIDELINES

Abstracts should include the following:

  • What is your topic?
  • What is the problem? Identify this specifically. It may be in the form of a question.
  • What you intend to do to address the problem. This is your thesis statement/question.  (it is your purpose, your idea, your theory)
  • How you plan to do it (development plan, methodology, timeline, outline, process)
  • What you intend to accomplish (conclusion, new knowledge, new product, results)
  • Who is the intended audience?
  • What will be your call to action? What do you want your intended target audience to do?
  • How you will measure or determine the effectiveness or impact of your project (survey comparisons, factual data, measurable change in behavior)
  • Describe the type of relevant knowledge/skill that you, as a graphic designer, will be applying to this problem that would be absent if the same problem were addressed by a none designer.
  • Avoid using design specific terms (the audience for your abstract will be an intelligent group but not necessarily a group of designers) You may need to define them.

NCUR Abstracts requirements:

  • Be 300 words in length (including title, etc.).
  • State, in clear terms, the central research question and the purpose of the research.
  • Provide a brief discussion of the research methodology.
  • State conclusions, either final or anticipated.
  • Be well organized.
  • All abstracts will undergo a rigorous review by a panel of faculty reviewers. Abstract reviewers will evaluate submissions based on the criteria listed above and will assess overall merit within the context of the specific academic discipline for NCUR.
  • Complete the abstract using appropriate formatting
  • There is a limit of two abstracts submitted per primary presenter for NCUR.
  • Check your spelling.
  • Enter first name, middle initial and last name of author and co-authors.
  • Enter faculty sponsor in parentheses.
  • Enter the department and institution where the research was conducted.

Oral Presentations:

Display Table, Overhead Projector and Screen,
Chalkboard/Whiteboard,
CD Player,
VCR, Computer, Internet Connectivity, Data Projector, Slide Projector, Presentation will have to be accessible through the Internet with CD backup or on CD.

Performing and Visual Arts Presentations:

Piano Accompaniment, 
Dance Space, 
Drama Space
, Music Stand and Chair
, Display Table
, Wall Space

Abstract Format

  •   Title of paper in capital letters
  •   First name, middle initial and last name of author and co-authors
  •   Name of research sponsor in parentheses
  •   Department, institution, and institutional address where research was conducted
  •   Author’s home institution at end of abstract, if different from the above address

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION OF OCEAN CONTAMINANTS

Dana N. Shiroma (Professor S. Brett DeBoer), Department of Visual Arts, University of the Pacific, Stockton, California, 95211

Clean ocean water has become an increasingly scarce resource as many beaches that we use are contaminated with bacteria from storm water runoff, sewage leaks, and other pollutants. Exposure to bacteria through ingestion, open wounds, or surface contact can cause various infections or gastrointestinal and respiratory illnesses. The EPA mandates a water quality standard that closes beaches when the bacteria levels are dangerous, but many people are unaware of the potential threat or of any advisories posted by the Department of Health.

My research will measure how much beach users know about ocean pollutants, what the current procedures are in notifying the public about water quality, and what design solutions will prove more effective in raising that awareness. Initial data can be gathered by contacting officials from the Clean Water Branch of the state Department of Health, conducting surveys with groups of beach-users, and learning about the current efforts of groups including the Surfrider Foundation, Surfers Against Sewage, and the National Resources Defense Council, among other similar groups.

The most crucial step to solving these issues lies within presenting this information in a manner that is easily accessible and better understood by the public. The methods currently used should be unified and clarified so that essential information is presented more consistently and coherently. Possible design solutions include, but are not limited to, implementing permanent signage that has the flexibility to notify users of the daily water sampling level, raising awareness of the issue through advocacy materials, and clearly stating the condition of the ocean with an infographic-based system, which represents data through graphic symbols and creates a more engaging experience. This project will prove to be successful if the amount of people that develop water-born illnesses has decreased and the amount of people who use the new warning system increases. This can be determined by monitoring the traffic in potential online applications, taking annual surveys based on knowledge/awareness, and by visiting the current website of reported illnesses (sickatthebeach.crowdmap.com). These solutions give us the ability to significantly diminish health risks through better communication and presentation of water quality reports.


AUGMENTATIVE AND ALTERNATIVE COMMUNICATION AND ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY IPAD APPLICATION

Seng Moua (Professor S. Brett DeBoer), Department of Visual Arts, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA 95211

Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) and Assistive technology (AT) provides technology to allow physically or speech impaired individuals to communicate. Some examples of current AAC and AT methods and technologies are: flipbooks, gestures, speech generating devices and communication boards. With the utilization of AAC and AT, these methods and technology give a voice to those who are not able to speak for themselves. It also allows them to fully participate in the community in ways that they could not before. The current technologies such as iPad or mobile applications are just as effective as the previous methods and technologies. The power of mobile device applications make a positive impact on AAC and AT communities and are simpler and easier to use.

iPad and mobile device technologies are a constant and valuable market. Apps are one of the most accessible types of technology in the market today.  I want to investigate whether or not iPad or mobile applications can help those who cannot verbalize their needs to others. Are they easy to use? Do they provide the client with their specific personalized and individualized needs? How effective are these applications and how successful are they compared to other technologies or methods currently in use?

The apps on the market today can be improved to more effectively meet the needs of the physically impaired individual. Two weaknesses of the current apps on the market are that they are created by groups who do not consult Speech Pathologist/Communication experts or have any sort of background in these fields, and the apps are not customizable for clients, which limits the client from being able to communicate effectively.

I want to develop an app that is individualized, incorporates informed research from speech pathology experts and is easy to use and teach with. I will include a short survey or review for individuals who use the app to show whether or not the app has been successful. With these changes, I believe that the results of communication will be markedly better.


AWARENESS OF THE VISUALLY DISABLED

Berenice Calvario (Professor S. Brett DeBoer), Department of Visual Arts, University of the Pacific 3601 Pacific Avenue Stockton, California 95211

Crossing the street can be potentially dangerous for an individual who is visually impaired. Orientation and mobility specialists provide much of the formal training that make lives easier for the visually impaired by teaching them how to use assistive technology, such as white canes in order to promote independence. However, there seems to be a lack of awareness on the part of the general community of what a white cane represents. As cars are being manufactured to be more environmentally friendly and have quieter engines, the visually impaired individual has increased difficulty being aware of an oncoming car. The consequence of the oncoming driver’s misinterpretation of what a white cane represents could be life threatening.

My research has shown that there are no continuous white cane awareness campaigns other than a single annual celebration known as National White Cane Day, which has taken place every year since 1964 on October 15th. Addressing the problem should not be limited to an annual event only and should be treated with the same level of attention as drunk driving, and other driving awareness issues since nearly 10 percent of the population (21.2 million adult Americans) are visually impaired. Previous efforts to raise awareness have usually taken the form of white cane walks: marches hosted by the visually impaired community to raise awareness. What makes my project different from previous efforts is that I will be actively targeting an audience of first-time drivers so that they will be aware of the White Cane Law and abide to its precautions towards the visually impaired. The purpose of this is so that drivers can identify and take precautions when encountering a visually impaired person in public.

Phase one of the design plan would be to further research by providing a baseline of current knowledge about the white cane, through the use of a pre test survey. The second phase would be to implement informational design to inform the public. A billboard to target active drivers, and posters placed in high schools as well as the DMV in order to target newer drivers. After some time has passed, the final phase and the deciding phase of the project’s effectiveness would be to re-implement the original pre-test survey and observe whether or not our campaign was successful.

I feel that our campaign will make more people aware of what a white cane is just through mere exposure.  My intention is to raise awareness of the white cane as a symbol of blindness and as a tool of assistive technology for the visually impaired. White cane awareness can only bring about good for the sighted and visually impaired community by saving lives.

  • White Cane Red Hatters, Stockton Community Center for the Blind.
  • raising volunteer counts?

PROMOTING THE FIRST STEP

Maria R. Boyle (Professor S. Brett DeBoer), Department of Visual Arts, University of the Pacific 3601 Pacific Ave Stockton, California 95211

The purpose of this project is to assess the reasons behind one’s reluctance to take the first step needed toward the path of recovery and addiction and apply that assessment to a campaign that is designed to help people feel comfortable initiating a plan of recovery. In general, people have a hard time helping themselves. Recovery Cafe is an organization in Seattle that focuses on a life of transformation. It focuses on people who struggle with homelessness, drugs, alcohol, and other destructive behaviors. It not only holds regular 12-step supportive meetings that most organizations hold, but it also holds various events and activities that members can get involved with, such as writing circles, yoga, walking clubs, academic tutoring, and acting. These extra activities show the organization’s interest and commitment to bettering the lives of the people it works with.

However, this incredible organization is not known as widely as I believe it should be. The most remarkable thing about this organization is the way it really cares about each individual and about bettering its community as a whole. These attributes are what I believe need to be emphasized. As a designer, I would like to create a campaign revolving around the reasons that make this organization so special — its interaction with its members. The fact that Recovery Cafe offers events and activities that its members can enjoy together, strengthening its inner community, are what make it unique. In addition, I want to research the psychology behind why it is so difficult for people to take the first step towards recovery and ask for help. I will obtain this research using three steps. First, I will create a survey for friends and peers to participate in, asking for them to anonymously share their experiences with homelessness, drugs, and alcohol, and asking for them to explain the process that was taken in order to guide their loved one to a healthier lifestyle. After having gathered this information, I will read papers and books written about addiction itself to further understand the chemical effect it has on the body in order to understand the mental effect it has. These hard facts will help me in my third step, in which I will go into the field and survey people who are currently struggling with homelessness and addiction. This will be my final step because I want to be sure I have all of the information I need in order to understand what these people are going through so I can be as sensitive to their situation as I can be. Many of my participants will be from Recovery Cafe since my project is specifically involving them, and physically seeing how Recovery Cafe has changed their lives will be very beneficial to my project. This information will aid in the creation of an awareness campaign that relates to the audience and will motivate them to become involved with the Recovery Cafe community. Guided by this information, possible design applications include postcards to place in church bulletins, flyers to place at small, local Seattle businesses, or newspaper ads, all of which are places the homeless or those who struggle with addiction are most likely to look

I will be working directly with the president of Recovery Cafe, and plan on measuring the success of my design by drawing conclusions based on attendance statistics that he will provide for me. I believe that a campaign focusing on the events Recovery Cafe holds, while making sure to appeal to those who have a hard time taking the first step toward recovery, is what this organization needs in order to increase the number of people actively working toward a more promising future.


 

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