Citation Styles

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Citation Styles for Print and Electronic Sources

Research writing and scholarship require that proper credit be given to the books, articles, and other materials students use in composing papers and presentations. Of the many style methods available, the formats that are most widely used are those from the American Psychological Association (APA) and the Modern Language Association (MLA).

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Ref BF 76.7 .P83 2001 MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers REF LB2369.G53 1999

Both associations also have guides for citation formats on their web pages, especially for electronic sources. They are:

American Psychological Association (APA): Modern Language Association (MLA):

To see examples of citations for some of the more common references for print and electronic sources follow the following online links:

  • Pacific home page ( >>>
  • Library Resources >>>
  • Reference and Instruction >>>
  • Citing Sources

These are offered as examples for both print and electronic sources. Since the examples are not an exhaustive list, students may still need to consult the style manuals themselves, which located in the library reference section.


Another helpful resource to correctly conducting you research project is:

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