Color Separations I – CMYK + Spot

ILLUSTRATOR SEPARATIONS

Change document size to 36 x 48 picas

  • NEW Document or
  • FILE>>DOCUMENT SETUP>>EDIT ARTBOARD of existing doc.
  • make sure the profile is set for “Print” in the opening profile dialogue box.

Create a bleed area of 1P3, this should result in a red line around the “page” or art board

  • NEW Document or FILE>>DOCUMENT SETUP of existing doc.

Type the Headline: “Type to Separate

  • Make it a bold San-serif typeface 36 pts in size

designer-photo

  • First take a screen shot of this image above (MAC command key + Shift key + 4 key)—and marque around the image with the target/curser)
  • Import the image into your Illustrator file using Illustrator’s “Place” command
  • View Rulers
  • Resize the image by selecting the image, holding down the shift key, and scaling to 10 picas wide.
  • align the LEFT edge of the image with the LEFT side of the artboard (page) and the TOP edge 8 picas down from the top of the art board. (set GENERAL units to picas from the Illustrator Preferences and view rulers to measure this)
  1. MENU>>ILLUSTRATOR>>PREFERENCES>>UNITS
  2. MENU>>VIEW>>RULERS>>SHOW RULERS
  • Set the Image Trace options from the main menu by pressing on its downward arrow and selecting “Black and White logo”
  • Image Trace the portrait and expand the result. This will enable you to apply color to the image.
  1. SELECT IMAGE>>CONTROL BAR>>TRACE IMAGE OPTIONS>>BLACK AND WHITE LOGO
  2. EXPAND
  3. DESELECT THE IMAGE

Open Swatches window pallet, open its options from the upper right hand corner, scroll down to “Open Swatch Library” select “Color Books” and finally select PANTONE solid Uncoated

  • WINDOW>>SWATCHES>>OPEN SWATCH LIBRARY>>COLOR BOOKS>>>>PANTONE SOLID UNCOATED
  • Select SORT BY NAME from the Options Pullout in the upper right-hand corner of the Pantone Library
  • Select show Find Field (if it is not already visible), again from the Options Pullout
  • type in 201 in the Pantone Library find field
  • Find the 201 color square which will have a white outline around it and double-click on it to add to your document swatches.
  • OPEN COLOR SWATCHES WINDOW/PALLET IF NOT ALREADY OPEN

Notice that the red color PMS 201 is now added to the swatches pallet, the swatch also has a white triangle over the lower left corner of the swatch indicating that it is a spot color. IF YOU HAD ANYTHING SELECTED WHEN YOU DOUBLE CLICKED THE PANTONE SWATCH IT WILL COLOR THAT SELECTION IN ADDITION TO ADDING IT TO THE MAIN SWATCHES WINDOW.

Change the color of the word “TYPE” to PMS 201

  1. SELECT THE WORD TYPE>>MAKE SURE THE FILL OPTION IS SELECTED IN THE TOOL BAR>> CHOOSE PMS 201 FROM THE SWATCHES

Apply the PMS 201 color to the BLACK AND/OR GRAY shapes of the designer photo using the direct selection tool (white arrow) to select only the black shapes, then click the 201 swatch.

Drag an OPTION COPY of the designer photo below the original one leaving a little space between the two. (select the image, hold down OPTION + SHIFT keys to constrain the movement to perfectly vertical and drag once, keep this copy image selected, then make a second copy, hit the command + “D” keys simultaneously to duplicate the (copy) action. This will result in a second copy placed exactly the same distance below the first option copy. You should now have three instances of the image all along the left edge of the artboard, equal distance from one another.

note: if your images are not arranged as indicated above
you may alternatively do the following. HOWEVER, THE OPTION COPY + 
DUPLICATE COMMAND IS MUCH FASTER.

  • Shift select all three images and align them vertically (stack them up)
  • WINDOW>>ALIGN>>2ND OPTION 1st LINE
  • Distribute the vertical distance between them equally (make sure the bottom image does not bleed off the bottom of the page and the top image doesn’t bleed off the top) by using the Pathfinder Window
  • WINDOW>>ALIGN>>2ND OPTION 2nd LINE
  • Move the three images to the left edge of the paper.

Change the color of the first copy to its compliment and confirm that the color model for this image is CMYK and that it is not a Global color.

  • Ungroup the Image
  • Select PMS 201 in your color swatches pallet. Select Duplicate Swatch from the options in the upper right corner of the window.
  • Now double click the duplicate swatch color from the Swatches Pallet to open its attributes/options. First make the Color Mode CMYK, then you will be able to change the Color Type to PROCESS and uncheck GLOBAL.
  • PULL OUT OPTIONS FROM THE UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF THE COLOR PALLET  (not the Swatches pallet) to locate both the Invert and Compliment color options. Fill the first duplicate with the Compliment of PMS 201 color and the second duplicate with the CMYK color build 10-45-80-0.
  • Add BOTH the compliment to 201 and your new CMYK build show up as swatches in your color pallet. Drag and Drop them in them in from the Fill box to do this. Confirm that the color model for both images is CMYK (again from Swatches Pallet attributes/options as you did previously).

Notice that both of these colors are no longer spot colors. If you wanted them to be spot colors you would drag them to the switches palette, double-click on the swatch, and change the Color Type to spot rather than Process. Leave them as Process color builds for this exercise.

Create a bleed for each image by making a rectangle in the same color as each image and use it to extend each image (bleed it) to the left beyond the edge of the paper to the red line of the bleed, in this case (1p3). Use OUTLINE mode to precisely align each image with its corresponding color rectangle. Use the Eyedropper to grab each color to match. The rectangle you make is the same color as its corresponding image and simply acts as an extension of the image to the left and therefore bleeding it beyond the edge of the paper.

  • SELECT IMAGE>>EYEDROPPER>>SAMPLE DESIRED COLOR

Be sure to create a bleed area for the document as well. You will see a red line outside your document indicating this space if done correctly. Create a bleed area for the left side (and right by default) of 1 pica

  • SAVE

Import the text from this link and typeset it in a 9pt serif font with 13 its of leading (9/13) left justified. Align the top of the text box with the top of the first image, and adjust the column size to a line length of 19 picas.

Set the subheads in the same san serif typeface as the title, small caps bold, using PMS 201.(small caps are found from the options of the Character Pallet)

Check document color mode, it should be CMYK, change it if not

  • FILE>>DOCUMENT COLOR MODE

Your image should look like this:

screen-shot-2016-10-12-at-12-16-38-pm

Generate color separations with “All Printers marks”

note: These are not printed to a color printer. They are the digital separations of the CMYK color build for this file. In the production process, this is what would be sent to the Imagesetter or Platemaker. What you see printed on paper would be what would be “printed” on the aluminum plate and mounted on the press. That is where it is inked in color.

You should expect to get a separate sheet each for CMYK plus PMS 201

  • PRINT>>OUTPUT>>SEPARATIONS (not composite)

Check the Print Preview window and the COLORS PRINTING preview in the OUTPUT option of the PRINT dialogue box. So you should have a separation for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, Black and PMS 201 only.

  • Notice this is also where you might choose to select “Overprint Black”

Each sheet should contain crop marks, registration marks and color bars.

  • PRINT>>MARKS AND BLEEDS

2 thoughts on “Color Separations I – CMYK + Spot

  1. What is the end result suppose to look like because mine look like squares and the picture is covered from doin 201 color part. Yes, i did do image trace then expand. why even have a picture if you can’t see it?

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