Color Separations II – CMYK

Color Separations II CMYK

Scale of the subtractive primaries cyan, magen...

CMYK Separations

SAILINGrgbClick to Open the Sailing file (image above), save to desktop, open in Photoshop and change it from RGB to CMYK. (you are selecting a color space that corresponds with where you image ultimately ends up, or how it will be printed—this is the Destination Color space/profile)

  • EDIT>>CONVERT TO PROFILE>>US WEB COATED (SWOP) v2
  • OR – can can use IMAGE >> MODE >> CMYK (but you have less options/control over the conversion process using this route and you are asking the program to make color decisions for you)

save result as a TIFF file to your disk

Open a new Illustrator file. Set the document set-up at letter size or 36 x 48 picas, vertical (portrait) orientation.

PLACE (Import) the Sailing.tif file from your disk

If needed, resize the image to fit on your page (by holding down shift and dragging one of the edge points, or Control +click >>transform>>scale. Then move it so that the bottom of the image is 1/2 inch (or 3p) from the bottom.

Use the eyedropper to sample and Colormatch the red-orange from the red sailboat with a PMS Uncoated spot color and add it to your swatches window. Refer to this tip to complete this step: Process to Spot

Open the Nature Symbols Library window.
Menu>>Window>>Symbols Library (not Symbols)>>Nature

Select one of the fish and drag on to your layout.

  • Change the fish symbol to a graphic by the Expand command (Object>>Expand)
  • Ungroup (you may have to do this several times to completely separate the image into separate parts.)
  • OptionCopy two more fish and let ‘em swim in the ocean! (this is a create and release program)
  • On one of the fish, change the colors to the PMS red-orange spot color colormatch you created + tints of it and black
  • (open the color swatch in the COLOR palette, drag the slider in the color dialog to create tints then drag those into the swatch window to use) Make a 75%, 50%, & 25% tint of the red color.
  • Use the eyedropper to select a fill color of one of the fish shapes, then from the Menu>>Select>>Same>>Fill to group select all shapes that are made of the same color fill. Replace with one of the PMS tints you made. Repeat this process on the other two sharks with different tints until all of the sharks have been converted over to tints of the Pantone color. Create new layers for each of these tinted fish parts. Turning the visibility of these individual layers off after each of its colors have been changed will enable you to tell when all of the fish parts are converted.
  • ReGroup the fish parts (all symbols from the graphics libraries may be further customized or edited in this general manner)
  • Copy and Paste the digital history text file into a text box that is exactly as wide as the sailing image. (Drag guides out from the rulers to ensure proper alignment).
  • Keep the text alignment Flush Left.
  • Bring the text file to front if it is not on top already.
  • Move both text and image so that they both fit on the page (the text will overlap the top half of the image).
  • Place the Title in a separate text box, Change the typeface to Gill Sans 17 pt, centered, PMS red-orange color match.
  • Change the text to Gill Sans 9pt.
  • Change your text box to 2 columns with a 2p gutter (a gutter is the space between columns), by choosing Type>>Area Type Options).
  • Use Align window to Align the Title, Text & Image on the left hand side.
  • Turn off hyphenation:  Window>>Type>>Paragraph (You may have to choose Show Options, from the down-arrow menu located on the top right side of the Paragraph Window).
  • Preview your file using the Separation Viewer to ensure that you are getting 5 plates – CMYK + 1 Spot Color, and that all of your elements are on the correct plate.

Print an Adobe PostScript File (choose this where you would normally select a printer.)

• From the main Print window select All Marks and Bleeds
• Next Select Output>>Mode>>and Separations (host based)

  • You may further control what items will print, or separate, by placing each item in its own layers first, then making only the layers you want to print visible and finally, at the bottom of the main Print window, General and selecting Print Visible Layers from the Print Layers option.
  • Create separations—From the Output option in the Print window, change the mode from Composite to Separations. You should then see what colors will be printing as separations. In this case, you should get 5 plates (C,M,Y, K + PMS spot).

(Notice this is only five plates and not eight even though you created three additional “colors” as tints. This is because the tints are not actually 3 new colors but versions of one color, a spot PMS color instead.)

Repeat the assignment using InDesign

  • New InDesign doc, uncheck the facing pages box, and select a single page layout
  • Create an image box (x-box) to import the sailing image into (or command +D)
  • Copy & Paste title & text into a text boxes. Object>>Text Frame Options (or command + B) to add columns and change the width of the gutter.
  • Cut & Paste the fish from the illustrator file into a new Illustrator file & save as fish.ai. Do not Cut & Paste into InDesign. Instead use the Place command to import the saved fish Illustrator file graphic into InDesign. This will create a linked file instead of an embedded file.
    • When you import the file, notice that it adds the spot color to your swatches, you may also access spot colors thru the Color Swatch pallet>>Options>>New color Swatch>>Color Mode>>Pantone.
  • Check that your file is set up correctly to create Color Separations by using your Separations Previewer … Window>>Output>>Seperations Preview.
  • Preflight by selecting Package from Menu>>File>>Package to check correct prep of all aspects of the fille for seamless production printing. Package command will collect fonts and linked files together with the InDesign file in one common folder on the desktop ready to be sent to the printer.
  • Package>>Report is where you, the designer, fill in your contact information and any special information about the file that you want to communicate to the printer. For this assignment, complete the Report file as a designer working for University of the Pacific. Indicate to the printer specifics about the spot Pantone color.