- What does design thinking mean when applied to “Modern Art” and the European Avant Garde?
- What does it mean when design leads vs. follows other cultural trends?
- How does Zeitgeist influence, or is effected by, design thinking?
CUBISM (fragmentation, multi-view, subdued color) the art movement which influence all of art and design movements which have followed
Poesia magazine is the foreplay before the birth of Filippo Tommaso Marinetti‘s Futurism. And so, in 1905 in Milan, he founded Poesia, which quickly became his first of many offspring in the battle for free verse and then the Futurist credo to change the conventions of art and culture.
Marinetti was devoted to literature. He advocated symbolist and romantic poetry in Italy (hence the symbolist artwork that adorned every copy of Poesia). And fancied himself a member of elite Italian literary circles. On February 20, 1909, published in Le Figaro the Fondazione e Manifesto of Futurism (Founding and Manifesto of Futurism), Marinetti assumed the role of the most important Futurist as organizer, polemicist, financier, editor,artist, poet and writer.
WORDS IN FREEDOM
FUTURISM or CUBO-FUTURISM (dynamism, motion and movement, loud powerful machine; locomotive, race cars, airplanes)—Italian
Giacoma Balla—“Dynamism of a dog on a Leash”
Unberto Boccioni—“The City Rises”
Carlos Cara—free word painting
Fortunato Depero—The Bolted Book
DADA, (hobbyhorse, nonsense, anti-war, anti-art)
Switzerland, (ZURICH), Germany, (Berlin), U.S. (New York), France, (Paris)
BERLIN DADA (social political messages)
Kurt Schwitters — MERZ (commerce) collage
John Heartfield—Helmut Herzfelde, political & social protest, collage
Kasimir Malevich— absolute geometric abstraction
CONSTRUCTIVISM (asembling the page ayout like constructing a building)
Alexander Rodchenko—experimental layout and photography
Vladimir Tatlin—Monument to the 3rd International (tower)
DE STIJL (the style, neo Plasticism)
Piet Mondrian—red, blue, yellow squares surrounded with heavy black line
Theo Van Doesburg
Piet Zwart—typography and photomontage
BAUHAUS becomes known as the Swiss style after the war (form follows function, structure, organization unified design, non-decorative, sans serif type).
Founded in 1919, the Bauhaus brought together artists, architects, and designers in a collaborative spirit to reassess modern life. Bauhaus set the stage by revising the formation of the line, reevaluating color theory, and reexamining the composition. These explorative studies resulted in innovations that set the standard for modern life today.
Mies van der Rohe—architecture, the glass box
Oskar Schlemmer—2nd bauhaus logo
Kandinsky—mystical and spiritual abstract painting
Walter Gropius—architecture, chicago skyscraper
Paul Klee—spontaneity, child-like drawing
Joseph Albers—color theory
Joost Schmidt—Bauhaus at Weimar poster
Jan Tschichold—(The new Typography, lines of continuity)
Herbert Bayer—lowercase only
ART DECO (streamline style, or decorative style)
France (Paris), Belgium, (Brussels), U.S. (New York)
A.M. Cassandré—travel posters for French rail lines and Dutch steamship company